Recsk 4

Csákánykő – the quarry

“Csákánykő was a hill in the shape of a tent. Its northern slope where we used to work and where springs gushed dropped in an angle of 75 degrees towards the camp. On the other side there was a pleasantly sloping ridge. According to the plans laid out by Simon Papp the three stages of the quarry had to be cut into the steep slope almost as far as the middle of thehill. He planned to place the terminal of the cable railway and the engine house at the outside edge of the lowest stage; and he planneda double serpentine highroad between the lowest stage and the foot of the hill.”
(Memoires of György Faludy)

Prisoners were cruelly treated especially after systematic work in the quarry started. They had to get up at five a.m. and had to do 10 to 12 hours of hard physical work undernourished, with primitive tools every day in winter and summer alike.

The cable railway the internees finished in 1952 – photo by Dr. László Kőrösmezey The working area of the quarry from above – collection of Lívia Gyarmathy
The cable railway the internees finished in 1952 – photo by Dr. László Kőrösmezey The working area of the quarry from above – collection of Lívia Gyarmathy
The quarry – photo by Dr. László Kőrösmezey
The quarry – photo by Dr. László Kőrösmezey

The Recsk “society”

“We could remain human beings when most people did not want to be human.”
“According to our alleged crimes more than 1,000 inmates of the camp belonged to different groups. The major groups comprised of Social Democrats who used to be members of Trade Unions, leaders of strikes and could not get used to having to serve the interests of the State rather than those of the working class; former officers of the General Staff, who passed over to the Russians in 1944 and hoped they would be able to organise an independent Hungarian army; leaders of different parties, “kulaks” (wealthy farmers) whom the authorities wanted to get rid of in order to acquire their lands; poor farmers whom they appointed kulaks because they wanted to get rid of them; so called bad workers who were interned to frighten their fellow workers and the best workers of big factories who were interned to make their fellow workers even more frightened.”

(Memoires of György Faludy)

“In Recsk we discovered that human assets depend on the personality of people and it is all the same from what circumstances a person comes from, what qualification he has or what ethnic background he is from. It is the personal values that count. It was a great help that there were people who held together, who learnt to honour each other because in Recsk we were aware of what the others were really like. There it was simply impossible to pretend.”
(Memoires of Guidó Görgey)

Aladár F. Györgyey – photo by Lívia Gyarmathy Pál Jónás, former member of the Freedom Front of Hungarian Students – photo by Lívia Gyarmathy
Aladár F. Györgyey – photo by Lívia Gyarmathy Pál Jónás, former member of the Freedom Front of Hungarian Students – photo by Lívia Gyarmathy
Pál Árkos – ÁBTL 2.1. XIII/9. Géza Binder – Lajos Hatvany Museum, Hatvan
Pál Árkos – ÁBTL 2.1. XIII/9. Géza Binder – Lajos Hatvany Museum, Hatvan
György Faludy – collection of Lívia Gyarmathy
György Faludy – collection of Lívia Gyarmathy
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